Arugula is a green leafy vegetable, mostly referred to as Garden Rocket, Rogula or Salad Rocket. It is a species of Eruca which is native to the Mediterranean region. The Arugula seeds/Tukhm-e-Tara Mera (تخم تارا میرا) is also known as Eruca Sativa.
Along with the leaves, the flower and seeds of arugula are also edible. It is popularly used in raw form as a salad and makes an excellent accompaniment with meats and pasta.
Arugula is packed with nutritional and antioxidant properties. It is also a great source of vitamins A, fiber, vitamin C, vitamin K, folate, iron, calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, manganese and potassium.
Arugula leaves and seeds are rich in protein, riboflavin, thiamin, zinc, vitamin B6, pantothenic acid and copper. The flavonoids help to prevent stickiness of cholesterol to arteries, reduce blood pressure, raise the blood flow, improve the functions of blood vessels and reduce inflammation. It assists in reducing cholesterol, maintaining blood sugar and lowers the chances of heart disease.
Individuals suffering from kidney stones should avoid its use. It may also cause throat irritation, facial swelling, stomach cramps, diarrhea or skin rash.