Golden rain tree is commonly known as Amaltas (املتاس) and Cassia Fistula. It is native to India and Pakistan, in fact, to the tropical countries of Southeast Asia. It is the national tree of Thailand and its flower is the national flower of Thailand. Its wood is hard, durable and heavy. It is used for making cabinets, inlay work, temple drums, fence posts, agricultural implements and also in construction of houses, bridges etc. The pulp from the fruit pods is used to flavor tobacco. The flowers are used to decorate hair. All parts of the tree are used in traditional medicine and also in Ayurvedic medicine. It is rich in Vitamin-k, calcium, minerals, iron and manganese.
- The tree has anti-diabetic, anti-fertility, anti-tumor, hepatoprotective, cholesterol lowering, astringent, febrifuge, purgative, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, antibacterial, antiviral, analgesic, tonic, anti-dysenteric properties.
- Reduces fever, cold, swelling of throat, asthma symptoms.
- Is benefits in constipation. It has a gentle laxative action and can be used in children and elderly alike.
- Amaltas subsides gas, flatulence and acidity.
- It reduces colic pain.
- It eases the discomfort of piles, stops bleeding from different parts of the body.
- It benefits in heart disease.
- It cleanses the blood and eradicates skin problems like itching, inflammation and suppuration.
- It also alleviates symptoms and pain of arthritis, gout, nervous system diseases, eczema, ringworm and leprosy.
- It is used for treating alopecia areata or baldness. It is also very effective for loss of hairs from eyebrows and beard.
Self-medication with amaltas should be avoided
It should be used with caution in pregnancy.